Lex Fridman interviews Nick Bostrom.

Nick Bostrom is a philosopher at University of Oxford and the director of the Future of Humanity Institute. He has worked on fascinating and important ideas in existential risks, simulation hypothesis, human enhancement ethics, and the risks of superintelligent AI systems, including in his book Superintelligence. I can see talking to Nick multiple times on this podcast, many hours each time, but we have to start somewhere. This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast.

Time Index:

  • 0:00 – Introduction
  • 2:48 – Simulation hypothesis and simulation argument
  • 12:17 – Technologically mature civilizations
  • 15:30 – Case 1: if something kills all possible civilizations
  • 19:08 – Case 2: if we lose interest in creating simulations
  • 22:03 – Consciousness
  • 26:27 – Immersive worlds
  • 28:50 – Experience machine
  • 41:10 – Intelligence and consciousness
  • 48:58 – Weighing probabilities of the simulation argument
  • 1:01:43 – Elaborating on Joe Rogan conversation
  • 1:05:53 – Doomsday argument and anthropic reasoning
  • 1:23:02 – Elon Musk
  • 1:25:26 – What’s outside the simulation?
  • 1:29:52 – Superintelligence
  • 1:47:27 – AGI utopia
  • 1:52:41 – Meaning of life

Towards Data Science highlights this talk from the Toronto Machine Learning Summit, which introduces differential privacy and its use cases, discuss the new component of the TensorFlow Privacy library, and offer real-world scenarios for how to apply the tools.

In recent years, the world has become increasingly data-driven and individuals and organizations have developed a stronger awareness and concern for the privacy of their sensitive data. It has been shown that it is impossible to disclose statistical results about a private database without revealing some information. In fact, the entire database could be recovered from a few query results. Following research on the privacy of sensitive databases, a number of big players such as Google, Apple, and Uber have turned to differential privacy to help guarantee the privacy of sensitive data.

Powerpoint Designer utilizes machine learning to provide users with redesigned slides to maximize their engagement and visual appeal.

Up to 4.1 million Designer slides are created daily and the Designer team is adding new types of content continuously.

Time Index:

  • [02:39] Demo – PowerPoint suggests design ideas to help users build memorable slides effortlessly
  • [03:28] A behind-the-scenes look at how PowerPoint was built to make intelligent design recommendations
  • [04:47] AI focused on intelligently cropping images in photos and centering the objects, positioning the images, and even using multi-label classifiers to determine the best treatment.
  • [06:00] How PowerPoint is solving for Natural Language Processing (NLP).
  • [07:32] Providing recommendations when image choices don’t meet the users’ needs.
  • [09:30] How Azure Machine Learning helps the dev team scale and increase throughput for data scientists.
  • [11:10] How distributed GPUs helps the team work more quickly and run multiple models at once.

Lex Fridman interviews Simon Sinek in the latest episode of his podcast.

Simon Sinek is an author of several books including Start With Why, Leaders Eat Last, and his latest The Infinite Game. He is one of the best communicators of what it takes to be a good leader, to inspire, and to build businesses that solve big difficult challenges. This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast.

OUTLINE:
0:00 – Introduction
3:50 – Meaning of life as an infinite game
10:13 – Optimism
13:30 – Mortality
17:52 – Hard work
26:38 – Elon Musk, Steve Jobs, and leadership

Lex Fridman interviews Anca Dragan, a professor at Berkeley, working on human-robot interaction — algorithms that look beyond the robot’s function in isolation, and generate robot behavior that accounts for interaction and coordination with human beings.

OUTLINE:
0:00 – Introduction
2:26 – Interest in robotics
5:32 – Computer science
7:32 – Favorite robot
13:25 – How difficult is human-robot interaction?
32:01 – HRI application domains
34:24 – Optimizing the beliefs of humans
45:59 – Difficulty of driving when humans are involved
1:05:02 – Semi-autonomous driving
1:10:39 – How do we specify good rewards?
1:17:30 – Leaked information from human behavior
1:21:59 – Three laws of robotics
1:26:31 – Book recommendation
1:29:02 – If a doctor gave you 5 years to live…
1:32:48 – Small act of kindness
1:34:31 – Meaning of life

Lex Fridman interviews Vitalik Buterin is co-creator of Ethereum and ether, which is a cryptocurrency that is currently the second-largest digital currency after bitcoin.

Ethereum has a lot of interesting technical ideas that are defining the future of blockchain technology, and Vitalik is one of the most brilliant people innovating this space today. This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast.

Timeline:
0:00 – Introduction
4:43 – Satoshi Nakamoto
8:40 – Anonymity
11:31 – Open source project leadership
13:04 – What is money?
30:02 – Blockchain and cryptocurrency basics
46:51 – Ethereum
59:23 – Proof of work
1:02:12 – Ethereum 2.0
1:13:09 – Beautiful ideas in Ethereum
1:16:59 – Future of cryptocurrency
1:22:06 – Cryptocurrency resources and people to follow
1:24:28 – Role of governments
1:27:27 – Meeting Putin
1:29:41 – Large number of cryptocurrencies
1:32:49 – Mortality

Lex Fridman interviews Lee Smolin, a theoretical physicist, co-inventor of loop quantum gravity, and a contributor of many interesting ideas to cosmology, quantum field theory, the foundations of quantum mechanics, theoretical biology, and the philosophy of science.

He is the author of several books including one that critiques the state of physics and string theory called The Trouble with Physics, and his latest book, Einstein’s Unfinished Revolution: The Search for What Lies Beyond the Quantum.

This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. 

Time Stamps:

  • 0:00 – Introduction
  • 3:03 – What is real?
  • 5:03 – Scientific method and scientific progress
  • 24:57 – Eric Weinstein and radical ideas in science
  • 29:32 – Quantum mechanics and general relativity
  • 47:24 – Sean Carroll and many-worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics
  • 55:33 – Principles in science
  • 57:24 – String theory

Lex Fridman interviews Ann Druyan, the writer, producer, director, and one of the most important and impactful communicators of science in our time.

She co-wrote the 1980 science documentary series Cosmos hosted by Carl Sagan, whom she married in 1981, and her love for whom, with the help of NASA, was recorded as brain waves on a golden record along with other things our civilization has to offer and launched into space on the Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 spacecraft that are now, 42 years later, still active, reaching out farther into deep space than any human-made object ever has. This was a profound and beautiful decision she made as a Creative Director of NASA’s Voyager Interstellar Message Project. This conversation is part of the Artificial Intelligence podcast. In 2014, she went on to create the second season of Cosmos, called Cosmos: A Spacetime Odyssey, and in 2020, the new third season called Cosmos: Possible Worlds, which is being released this upcoming Monday, March 9. It is hosted, once again, by the fun and brilliant Neil deGrasse Tyson.

OUTLINE:

  • 0:00 – Introduction
  • 3:24 – Role of science in society
  • 7:04 – Love and science
  • 9:07 – Skepticism in science
  • 14:15 – Voyager, Carl Sagan, and the Golden Record
  • 36:41 – Cosmos
  • 53:22 – Existential threats
  • 1:00:36 – Origin of life
  • 1:04:22 – Mortality

Lex Fridman interviews Alex Garland, writer and director of many imaginative and philosophical films from the dreamlike exploration of human self-destruction in the movie Annihilation to the deep questions of consciousness and intelligence raised in the movie Ex Machina.

OUTLINE:
0:00 – Introduction
3:42 – Are we living in a dream?
7:15 – Aliens
12:34 – Science fiction: imagination becoming reality
17:29 – Artificial intelligence
22:40 – The new “Devs” series and the veneer of virtue in Silicon Valley
31:50 – Ex Machina and 2001: A Space Odyssey
44:58 – Lone genius
49:34 – Drawing inpiration from Elon Musk
51:24 – Space travel
54:03 – Free will
57:35 – Devs and the poetry of science
1:06:38 – What will you be remembered for?