Humans have been trying to quantify consciousness for at least as long as there have been written records and, likely, this search for understanding predates written records.

This is an area where recent advances in math and AI research starts shedding new light on an old topic. In this TEDx talk, Max Tegmark explores the notion of consciousness as an emergent mathematical pattern.

Ray Kurzweil is an author, computer scientist, inventor, futurist and a director of engineering at Google.

Kurzweil is a public advocate for the futurist and transhumanist movements, and gives public talks to share his optimistic outlook on life extension technologies and the future of nanotechnology, robotics, and biotechnology.

In this video, he ponders what the far side of computer science looks like: Computronium