Machines can help doctors by spotting abnormalities in X-rays or MRA scans that the physicians themselves may have missed. AI can also help physicians by analyzing data and, through the use of algorithms, produce possible diagnoses.

The hope is that this freed up time, as doctors make their rounds, can help physicians establish better connections with their patients, which in turn can lead to better treatment plans.

Here’s an interesting article in Nature about the use of AI in evaluating embryos with AI — another use of computer vision in the medical field. Could this bring down healthcare costs? What if the algorithm mislabels an embryo? Are there ethical implications?

Deep learning algorithms, in particular convolutional neural networks (CNNs), have recently been used to address a number of medical-imaging problems, such as detection of diabetic retinopathy,18 skin lesions,19 and diagnosing disease.20 They have become the technique of choice in computer vision and they are the most successful type of models for image analysis. Unlike regular neural networks, CNNs contain neurons arranged in three dimensions (i.e., width, height, depth). Recently, deep architectures of CNNs such as Inception21 and ResNet22 have dramatically increased the progress rate of deep learning methods in image classification.23 In this paper, we sought to use deep learning to accurately predict the quality of human blastocysts and help select the best single embryo for transfer (Fig. 1).